Document Type: Review Article

Authors

1 Dr. Balasaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth,Dapoli, Maharashtra (415 712), India.

2 Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri, Maharashtra (413 722), India.

Abstract

Rice is an important staple food crop of India. Several factors are responsible for reducing the yield of Kharif rice. However, weed infestation is the major threat to productivity of Kharif rice. Weeds by the virtue of their high adaptability and faster growth dominate the crop habitat and reduce the yield potential of the crop. These weeds could be controlled through various methods. Manual method is though very common but cost intensive. Herbicides when applied alone are although economical but may have limitation of resistance development and shift in weed flora etc. Therefore, presently there is a need to use high efficacy herbicides in combination coupled with broad spectrum nature to control the complex weed flora in Kharif rice.

Keywords

Anonymous. 2017. Agricultural Statistics at a Glance 2016. Pp 489.

Behera A.K, Jena S.N. 1998. Weed control in direct-seeded, rainfed upland rice. Indian J. Agron. 43: 284-290.

Dhanawate V.B. 2000. Effect of row spacing and herbicides on the growth and yield of direct seeded rice. M. Sc. (Agri.) thesis (unpublished), Dr. Balasaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth, Dapoli, India.

Dutta R, Gogoi A.K. 1994. Integrated weed control in direct-seeded upland rice (Oryza sativa). Indian J. Agron. 39: 639-641.

Gaire R, Dahal K.R, Amgain L.P. 2013. Effect of different mulching materials on weed dynamics and yield of direct seeded rice in Chitwan, Nepal. Agronomy J. Nepal. 3:  73-81.

Gogoi A.K, Rajkhowa D.J, Kandalic R. 2000. Effect of varieties and weed control practices on rice productivity and weed growth. Indian J Agron. 45: 580-585.

Gosavi S.A. 1991. Weed management in direct seeded rice. M.Sc (Agri.) Thesis (Unpub.), Department of Agronomy, Dr.B.S.K.K.V., Dapoli, India (MS).

Gosavi S.P. 2006. Effect of mulches, fertilizer and levels of organic manure on the performance of rabisweet corn (Zea mays saccharata). M.Sc. (Agri.) thesis submitted to Dr. BalasahebSawant Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth, Dapoli (MS).

Goydani B.M, Tiwari B.P. 1990. Studies on weed association, uptake of nutrients and weed control as constraint in direct seeded upland rice. A paper presented in Biennial Conference of Indian Society of Weed science, held at Jabalpur. pp. 6.

Jadhav V.T, Kadam D.E, Bhoite A. 2010. Integrated weed management in upland directseeded rice. J. Maharashtra Agric.Uni. 35: 5659.

Kankal V.Y. 2015. Effect of establishment techniques, weed control and integrated nutrient management on growth, yield and quality of drilled rice.(Oryza sativa L.).Ph.D. (Agri.) Thesis (Unpub.), Department of Agronomy, Dr. B.S.K.K.V. Dapoli, India (M.S.).

Mahajan G, Sharda R, Kumar A, Singh K.G. 2007. Effect of plastic mulch on economizing irrigation water and weed control in baby corn sown by different methods. African J. Agric. Res. 2: 19-26.

Mishra M.M, Dash R.R. 2013. Field demonstrations on chemical weed control in transplanted rice. Indian J. Weed Sci. 45: 156-158.

Mohitsham A, Ahmad R, Ahmad Z, Aslam M.R. 2013. Effect of different mulches on weed infestation in aerobic rice (Oryza sativa L.). American-Eurasian J. Agric. environ. Sci. 13: 153-157.

Moorthy B.T.S, Das T.K. 1998. Threshold level of weed umbrella sedge in upland rice under rainfed direct seeded condition. Indian J Agric Sci. 68: 7-8.

Mukherjee D, Singh R.P. 2005. Effect of micro-herbicides on weed dynamics, yield and economics of transplanted rice. Indian J Agron. 50: 292-295.

Naseeruddin R, Subramanyam D. 2013. Performance of low dose high efficacy herbicides in drum seeded rice. Indian J. Weed Sci. 45: 285–288.

Pinjari S.S. 2007. Effect of integrated nutrient management and polythene mulch on the performance of sweet corn under lateratc soils of Konkan. Ph.D. thesis submitted to Dr. BalasahebSawant Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth, Dapoli (MS).

Prasad R, Mahapatra T.C, Jain H.C. 1980. Relative efficiencies of fertilizers  for rice. Fert. News. 25: 13-18.

Prasad S.M, Mishra S.S, Singh S.J. 2001. Effect of establishment methods fertility levels and weed management practices on rice. Indian J Agron. 46: 216-221.

Raj S.K, Jose N, Mathew R, Leenakumary S. 2013. Chemical management of  non grassy weeds in directseeded rice. Indian J. Weed Sci. 45: 159-162.

Ramamoorthy K. 1991. Effect of integrated weed management on nutrient uptake by upland rice and associated weeds. Indian J Agron. 36: 213-217.

Ramana A.V, Naidu G.J, Murthy K.V. 2007. Integrated weed management in rainfed upland rice. (Oryza sativa). Indian J Agron. 52: 311-314

Reddy G.S. 2010. Integrated weed management in drum seeding and direct planting system. M.Sc. (Ag.) Thesis, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.

Sanjay M.T, Prasad T.V.R, Dhanapal G.N, Hareesh G.R, Ashoka P, Madhukumar V. 2014. Weed management practices for higher productivity and profitability in aerobic rice. In “Biennial conference of Indian Society of Weed Science on “Emerging Challenges in Weed Management” February 15-17.

Sawant Y.C. 2003. Effect of differment weed management practices on the performance of direct seeded drilled rice. M.Sc. (Ag.) Thesis, Dr. Balasaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth, Dapoli, India.

Sharma R.P, Pathak S.K. Singh, R.C. 2007. Effect of nitrogen and weed management in direct-seeded rice (Oryza sativa) under upland conditions. Indian J Agron. 52: 114-119.

Shelar S.K. 2014. Effect of methods of sowing and weed control on the performance of direct seeded rice in Konkan region. M. Sc. (Agri.) thesis (unpublished), Dr. Balasaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth, Dapoli, India.

Singh M, Singh R.P. 2010. Influence of crop establishment methods and weed management practices on yield and economics of directseeded rice (Oryza sativa). Indian J. Agron. 55: 224229.

Singh G, Singh O.P, Kumar V, Kumar T. 2008. Effect of method of establishment and tillage practices on productivity of rice-wheat cropping system in lowlands. Indian J Agric Sci. 78: 163-166.

Singh G, Singh R.K, Singh V.P, Singh B.B, Nayak R. 1999.Effect of crop weed competition on yield and nutrient uptake by Direct seeded rice (Oryza sativa) in rainfed, lowland situation. Indian J. Agron. 44: 722-727.

Singh I, Ram M, Nandal D.P. 2007. Efficacy of new herbicides for weed control in transplanted rice under rice-wheat system. Indian J. Weed Sci. 38: 28-31.

Singh R.K, Deo K.N.N. 2004. Effect of fertility levels and herbicides on growth, yield and nutrient uptake of directseeded rice (Oryza sativa). Indian J. Agron. 49: 34-36.

Singh V.P, Singh G. 2001. Weed control studies in spring rice (Oryza sativa L.) under rainfed low valley situation of Uttaranchal. Indian J. Weed Sci. 33: 52-55.

Sinhababu D.P, Moorthy B.T.S, Rajamani S, Mann G.B. 1992. Integrated weed management benefits direct seeded upland rice. Indian Fmg. 42: 7-8.

Tendulkar D.D. 2004. Integrated weed management in upland drilled rice. M. Sc. (Agri.) thesis (unpublished), Dr. Balasaheb Sawant Konkan Krishi Vidyapeeth, Dapoli, India.

Walia U.S. 2006. Weed management. New Delhi: Kalyani publishers.

Walia U.S, Walia S.S, Singh A, Sidhu V, Nayyar S. 2012. Bioefficacy of pre and post-emergence herbicides in direct-seeded rice in Central Punjab. Indian J. Weed Sci. 44: 30-33.