Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Rice Breeding Platform, International Rice Research Institute, Manilla-1301, Philippines.

2 Department of Agronomy, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh 2202, Bangladesh.

3 Department of Agriculture and Food, 75 York Road, Northam 6401, Australia.

4 Agricultural Sciences, Murdoch University, South St, WA 6150, Australia.

Abstract

The composition of weed species and the distribution of weed seeds in the soil profile vary significantly and closely correlated to the previous cropping system. Information on the effect of tillage types, crop residue mulching and crop rotation on the soil weed seedbank is a useful tool for sustainable weed management in conservation agriculture (CA). With the view to studying the trend of weed seedbank in CA, a net-house experiment was conducted at the Department of Agronomy, Bangladesh Agricultural University during January - December, 2016. Soil samplings were done at 0 - 15 cm depth from four different sites after the end of CA trials at Mymensingh and Baliaknadi during 2012 - 2015 and Durgapur and Godagari in 2010-2015, in Bangladesh. At Mymensingh, conventional tillage (CT) and strip tillage (ST), while at Durgapur and Godagari, additional bed planting (BP) were practiced.  On the other hand, at Baliakandi additional Zero tillage (ZT) was included. At all sites 20% and 40 - 50% of standing mulches of previous crops were applied. A total of 290 samples replicated four times were placed in individual trays following a completely randomized design. The year-round headcount of emerged weed revealed that the smallest size of weed seedbank in terms of weed species composition and weed density was found in ST followed by CT, BP, and ZT with 40 - 50% crop mulch than 20% mulch. The ST, BP, and ZT produced a higher number of perennials weeds than annual weeds, but opposite in CT. Based on the results, it could be concluded that the continuous practice of ST with 40 - 50% residue mulch declined the size of weed seedbank with the proliferation of perennial weeds. Weed seedbank size in ST is even smaller than BP and ZT.

Keywords

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