Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Agronomy, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh-2202, Bangladesh

2 Deputy Secretary, Local Government Division, Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Cooperatives, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka-1000, Bangladesh


Application of crop residues can be a good option for organic and sustainable weed management in rice. Consequently, the use of crop residues can suppress weed emergence and weed biomass. A study was conducted in two consecutive seasons firstly to optimize the mixture ratio to soil (v/v) of different crop residues on inhibition of common weed species and secondly to evaluate their performance on rice growth and yield. Among the crop residues used in this study sorghum was the most effective followed by mustard, barley, soybean, rice, wheat, triticale, maize, lentil and grasspea. The 50:50 (crop: soil, v/v) treatments incorporation rate of all crop residues suppressed the growth of all weed species in maximum level. The result revealed that broadleaf weed species were more susceptible to crop residues than grass weed species. In this respect, the highest growth inhibition (54.49%) was observed in controlling Monochoria vaginalis. Variety and rate of sorghum residues application significantly influenced weed growth and inhibition. A maximum increment in terms of plant height, dry weight and yield was observed due to sorghum 2.0 t ha-1 residue applications. Considering yield and yield contributing characters, highest grain and straw yield was obtained from BRRI dhan29. All together, the result depicted that crop residues can effectively control weed along with enhancing growth and yield of rice and it can be successfully used in weed management program in rice.


Ali A, Medhi, D.N, Dekamedhi B, Baroova S.R. 1995. Effect of rice straw in combination with different levels of nitrogen, phosphorus and potash on transplanted rice. J Agric Sci Soc North East India. 8: 248-250.
Bajgai Y, Kristiansen P, Hulugalle N, Mchenry M. 2015. Comparison of organic and conventional management on yields, nutrients and weeds in a corn-cabbage rotation. Renew Agr Food Syst.30: 132-142.
 Belz R.G. 2004. Evaluation of allelopathic traits inTriticum L. spp. and Secalecereale L. PhD thesis, University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany.
 Cheema Z.A, Khaliq A. 2000. Use of sorghum allelopathic properties to control weeds in irrigated wheat in a semi arid region of Punjab. Agr Ecosyst Environ. 79: 105-112.
 Cheema Z.A, Mushtaq M.N, Farooq M, Hussain A, Islam-Ud-Din. 2009. Purple nutsedge management with allelopathic sorghum. Allelopathy J. 23: 305-312.
 Chou C.H, Lee Y.F. 1991. Allelopathic dominance of Miscanthus transnorrisonensis in an alpine grassland community in Taiwan. J Chem Ecol. 17: 2267-2281.
 Essien B, Essien J, Nwite J, Eke K, Anaele U, Ogbu J. 2009. Effect of organic mulch materials on maize performance and weed growth in the derived savanna of South Eastern Nigeria. Nigeria Agric  J.40:1-9.
 Fahad S, Hussain S, Chauhan B.S, Saud S, Wu C, Hassan S, Tanveer M. 2015. Weed growth and crop yield loss in wheat as influenced by row spacing and weed emergence times. Crop Prot. 71: 101-108.
Gomez K.A, Gomez A.A. 1984. Statistical Procedure for Agricultural Research. 2nd Ed., International Rice Research Institute, Los Banos, Manila, The Phillipines. pp. 204-207.
 Gruber S, Acharya D, Claupein W. 2008. Wood chips used for weed control in organic farming. J Plant Dis Protect. 21: 395-400.
 Jamil M, Cheema Z.A, Mushtaq M.N, Farooq M, Cheema M.A. 2009. Alternative control of wild oat and canary grass in wheat fields by allelopathic plant water extracts. Agron Sustain Agron Sustain Dev. 29: 475-482.
 Judice W.E, Griffin J.L, Etheredge L. M, Jones C.A. 2007. Effects of crop residue management and tillage on weed control and sugarcane production. Weed Technol. 21: 606-611.
 Kamara A, Akobundu I, Hikoye D, Jutzi, S. 2000. Selective control of weeds in an arable crop by mulches from some multipurpose trees in Southwestern Nigeria. Agrofor Syst. 50: 17- 26.
 Khaliq A, Hussain S, Matloob A, Tanveer A, Aslam F. 2014. Swine cress (Cronopus didymus L. Sm.) residues inhibit rice emergence and early seedling growth. Philipp Agric Sci.96: 419-425.
Khaliq A, Matloob A, Hussain A, Hussain S, Aslam F, Zamir S.I, Chattha M.U. 2015. Wheat residue management options affect productivity, weed growth and soil properties in direct-seeded fine aromatic rice. Clean - Soil Air Water. 43: 1259-1265.
 Khanh T.D, Chung M.I, Xuan T.D, Tawata S. 2005. The exploitation of crop allelopathy in sustainable agricultural production. J Agron Crop Sci.191:172-184.
Kruidhof H, Bastiaans L, Kropff M. 2008. Ecological weed management by cover cropping: Effects on weed growth in autumn and weed establishment in spring. Weed Res. 48: 492-502.
Kruidhof H.M. 2008. Cover crop-based ecological weed management: Exploration and optimization. PhD thesis, Wageningen University, Wageningen, the Netherlands.
Kumar K, Goh K.M. 2000. Crop residues and management practices: effects on soil quality, soil nitrogen dynamics, crop yield, and nitrogen recovery. Adv Agron. 68: 197-319.
Kun-Huang H. 1982. Effect of crop residues on a following crop. In: Proceedings 1982 Seminar on Allelochemicals and Pheromones. 21–26 June, Taipei, Taiwan. pp. 261-268.
Malhi S, Lemke R. 2007. Tillage, crop residue and N fertilizer effects on crop yield, nutrient uptake, soil quality and nitrous oxide gas emissions in a second 4-yr rotation cycle. Soil Till Res. 96: 269-283.
Nelson C.J. 1996. Allelopathy in cropping systems. Agron J. 88: 991-996.
Netzly D.H, Butler L.G. 1986. Roots of sorghum exude hydrophobic droplets containing biologically active components. Crop Sci. 26: 775-780.
Norsworthy J. K, Brandenberger L, Burgos N.R, Riley M. 2005. Weed suppression in Vigna unguiculata with a spring-seeded brassicaceae green manure. Crop Prot.24: 441-447.
 Purvis C.E, Jessop R.S, Lovett J.V. 1985. Selective regulation of germination and growth of annual weeds by crop residues. Weed Res. 25: 415-421.
 Rathinasabapathi B, Ferguson J, Gal M. 2005. Evaluation of allelopathic potential of wood chips for weed suppression in horticultural production systems. Hort Sci. 40: 711-713.
Reddy  K.N. 2001. Effect of cereal and legume cover crop residues on weeds, yield and net   
            return in soybean (Glycine max L.). Weed Tech. 15: 660-668.
Sadeghi S, Rahnavard A, Ashrafi Z.Y. 2010. Response of wheat (Triticum aestivum) germination and growth of seedling to allelopathic potential of sunflower (Helianthus annuus) and barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) extracts. J Ag Tech. 6: 573-577.
Sharma P, Abrol V, Sharma R. 2011. Impact of tillage and mulch management on economics, energy requirement and crop performance in maize wheat rotation rainfed subhumid inceptisols, India. Eur J Agron. 34: 46-51.
Teasdale J.R, Beste C.E, Potts W.E. 1991. Response of weeds to tillage and cover crop residues. Weed Sci.39: 195-199.
Thorne R.L.Z, Waller G.R, Mcpherson J.K, Krenzer E.G, Young C.C. 1990. Autotoxic effects of old and new wheat straw in conventional-tillage wheat soil. Bot Bull Acad Sinica. 31: 35-39.
Weston L.A, Duke S.O. 2003. Weed and crop allelopathy. Crit Rev Plant Sci. 22: 367-389.
Zaji B, Majd A. 2011. Allelopathic potential of canola (Brassica napus L.) residues on weed suppression and yield response of maize (Zea mays L.). In: International Conference on Chemical, Ecology and Environmental Sciences (IICCEES). Pattaya, Thailand. pp. 457-460.
 Zhu Z.L, Liu C.Q, Jiang B.F. 1984. Mineralisation of organic N, P and S in some paddy soils of China. In: Organic Matter and Rice (International Rice Research Institute, Manila, Philippines) pp. 259-272.